Give directly!

No, not to me. For now I’ll fight with Dave Hubin for public records the hard way. Give to poor people.
Give Directly identifies needy Kenyan families based on the quality of their housing – i.e. mud vs cinderblocks, thatched roof versus tin. Then they transfer money to them directly, via mobile phone banking. Five $200 installments. No expensive corrupt government bureaucrats. No NGO’s with well-paid expats driving around in SUV’s monitoring their projects.

Direct cash transfers for poor people to spend as they see fit. Does it work? Maybe. The initial evidence looks pretty promising:

  • Cash transfers benefit children. Many studies find positive effects on the health of children – for example, large increases in height-for-age and weight-for-height in South Africa, …
  • Cash transfers have long-term impacts. Recipients often save or invest a large proportions of the transfers they receive, generating increases in future income. (1,2,3,4,5,6) One study found that men’s annual income five years after receiving transfers had increased by 64%-96% of the grant amount. (24)
  • The poor do not abuse cash as predicted by derogatory stereotypes. Across a range of studies, spending on alchohol and tobacco either decreases, stays constant, or at most increases in proportion with other spending (typically 2-3%). There is no evidence that cash transfers are spent disproportionately at the bar. …

OK, that last bit cuts a little close to home! But I do like the follow-up RCT study looking at cortisol levels as a measure of reduced stress – not that I’m a neuroeconomist. And compare this evidence with what has happened to the billions that governments and NGO’s have wasted in Haiti, as reported today in the NYT:

“When you look at things, you say, ‘Hell, almost three years later, where is the reconstruction?’ ” said Michèle Pierre-Louis, a former prime minister of Haiti. “If you ask what went right and what went wrong, the answer is, most everything went wrong. There needs to be some accountability for all that money.” 

An analysis of all that money — at least $7.5 billion disbursed so far — helps explain why such a seeming bounty is not more palpable here in the eviscerated capital city, where the world’s chief accomplishment is to have finally cleared away most of the rubble.

That works out to about $750 per Haitian spent so far. 12/24/12

Pope beatifies economist

5/1/2012: He’s apparently the first – Giuseppe Toniolo. And, big surprise, the comments in the National Catholic Reporter story out him as a proto-fascist. From an old joke:

In the beginning, when God and the Devil were creating the Universe, God would create something good, and the Devil would retort with something evil. God created light, the Devil created darkness. God created love, the Devil created hatred. God created generosity, the Devil created greed… Toward the end of the day, when they were both getting tired, God created an economist. The Devil looked puzzled for a long moment, then, with a wicked grin, created another economist.

Change

4/2/2012: From the NYT:

Reagan’s strongest margins were among the college educated, who backed him over Walter F. Mondale by a crushing 62.7-36.9 margin. Among all those with both college and advanced degrees, Reagan won 58.7 percent, a landslide margin. … By 2008, the Republican advantage of the early 1980s among voters with a college degree or higher had disappeared. Barack Obama carried this demographic with 54.1 percent. He beat McCain 50-48 among those with bachelor’s degrees, and by a decisive 58-40 among the 17 percent of the 2008 electorate with post-graduate degrees.